tech oriented notes to self and lessons learned
Java on Mac OS X
2013-01-03Posted by on
Mac OS X is a nice platform for Java development because it successfully combines a very good desktop user experience with the system’s unix heritage and tooling. There are some problems, however:
- only a limited set of JDK versions are available for current OS X releases
- the JVM implementations are not standalone and require Apple proprietary frameworks to be present
In this respect, Linux is probably the best Java development platform because JDKs are available from many different vendors and multiple versions of the most popular JDKs run on Linux. The JVM implementations, usually don’t have esoteric dependencies and only require basic OS libraries in addition to the ones bundled with the JVM.
On the other hand, only Apple and Oracle provided JDKs run on Mac OS X and older Java versions aren’t available. Also, neither Apple’s Java 6 nor Oracle’s Java 7 JVM seems to run on Lion or Mountain Lion without the com.apple.pkg.JavaEssentials package, for example.
Recently, I managed to corrupt my Java installation beyond repair and I wanted to try and avoid this in the future by trying to isolate my Java 7 and 8 installations as much as possible. This turned out to be fairly simple if you defy the temptation to install by just clicking on the downloaded JDK package. The JDKs are distributed by Oracle as disk images that contain a Mac OS X installer package file. Instead of running the installer you can easily extract the contents of the package using command line tools. First mount the disk image by clicking on the disk image and then run the following commands in a terminal session:
xar -xf '/Volumes/JDK 8/JDK 8.pkg' cat jdk180.pkg/Payload | gunzip | cpio -i
After that, the Contents directory will include the entire JDK installation and you can move it to the location of your choosing. Then just specify JAVA_HOME environment variable and add the JVM and required tools to shell search path.